Although women had enrolled in courses at the Maryland Agricultural College, as the University of Maryland, College Park, was then known, as early as 1907, women did not enroll as full-time students until Elizabeth Hook (left) entered on September 14, 1916, to pursue a four-year degree in entomology. Miss Hook was followed several weeks later by Charlotte Vaux (right), who received a two-year degree in agriculture in 1918. These two pioneers led the way for the over 18,400 women studying in College Park today. Photo Credits: Archives of various campuses
By Amelia Arria
Behavioral and Community Health, School of Public Health
Center on Young Adult Health and Development
In the midst of heated national debates about cannabis legalization, there’s at least one point of common ground – namely, that no one wants this drug, or any drug for that matter, to interfere with the health or success of young people. What is unfortunately lacking, however, in the public debate is a dialogue about the science behind the connection between cannabis use and achievement. More often, dialogues are centered around the relative “safety” of cannabis as compared to alcohol – cannabis must be “safer” than alcohol because it is not associated with passing out to the point of unconsciousness, right?
Chancellor Emeritus (USM)
Professor Emeritus (UMCP)
Once upon a time, in an era far from today, public universities across the country could count on significant, if not always fully sufficient, state support to carry out their missions and build the excellence of their programs. Starting about 30 years ago, however, state investment in higher education began to decline. While there have been momentary increases in a few years, looking back over time the long term trend is clear. Since 1985, there has been a roughly 40% decrease in state appropriations on a per FTE student basis nationally.
By Janelle Wong
Asian American Studies Program, UMCP
The Maryland Dream Act and deferred action
In 2012, Maryland voters approved the “Maryland Dream Act.” The law allows undocumented immigrant students who have attended a Maryland high school for at least 3-years to pay in-state public tuition rates if they meet certain requirements, including completion of 60 credits at a state community college and proof that their parent or guardian has filed a state income tax return for at least 3 of the years the student was in high school.
Has the Maryland Dream Act been a success? Attaining higher education remains a challenge for most undocumented students, and the number of students who graduate from a four-year institution is small. College is unaffordable for many undocumented students, even with in-state tuition, because they do not qualify for state or federal financial aid. As such, Governing, a publication for state and local elected, appointed, and career officials, reports that in most states, less than 1% of all undergraduates are undocumented. A 2012 study by scholars at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, projected that just 435 students would take advantage of the Maryland Dream Act each year.
By Jane Hirshberg
Campus and Community Engagement Manger
The Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center
The Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center has always been committed to creating programming that responds to voices in its surrounding community. In the past five years, however, that commitment has been exemplified by some extraordinary projects that have reached people who either never would have considered coming to the UMD campus, let alone The Clarice, or people who have not considered themselves arts lovers—until they were invited to experience creative expression that was full of relevance to their lives. To that end, The Clarice has created a group we call Community Action People, made up of people who are community leaders, arts advocates, artists, teachers, elected officials and many others. This group meets once every two months and focuses on a specific topic of interest to the group’s members. Each meeting happens at a different space, hosted by a different community-based organization, with key contributors participating to inform subject matter. But before we get too deep into what the group is now, let’s look at its history and how it has evolved to be a dynamic and influential force for not only the leadership of The Clarice, but for the entire UMD campus.
By Howell Baum
Urban Studies and Planning Department
University of Maryland
In previous issues, the Voice has published about the Effectiveness and Efficiency 2.0 (E&E2.0) initiative of the Board of Regents, and also reactions from various faculty members. Below is another of the reactions.
“Efficiency” and “effectiveness” are favored terms in much of contemporary culture. Offered a choice, we typically prefer greater efficiency or effectiveness to less. However, much talk about “efficiency” and “effectiveness” ignores their precise meanings, and “rational” language often cloaks judgments made intuitively or on the basis of “common sense” or political interest. Nevertheless, even with careful attention to the meanings of “efficiency” and “effectiveness,” there are three difficulties in relying on them to make decisions about programs: (1) they can be difficult to operationalize in real-life situations; that is, it can be hard to say what these concepts mean with regard to real programs; (2) even if the concepts can be operationalized, it can still be difficult or even impossible to collect data that actually measure efficiency or, particularly, effectiveness; and (3) in any case, efficiency and effectiveness can conflict in real situations, supporting different, possibly opposing decisions and providing no definitive guidance. Continue reading
The first issue of the Voice was published in winter, 1986, and it has published continually since then. For this 30th anniversary edition, the Voice invited several distinguished members of the university community from across the system to reflect backwards and especially forwards. These articles appear here and in future editions. Also we reprint some still-pertinent articles from the inaugural issue. It was founded with a grant from the Federation of Maryland Teachers, and with the enthusiast support of William (Brit) Kirwan, then Vice-Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Provost.
Since its inception, the Voice has been an independent voice. Articles in the Voice are contributed by faculty and other members of the university community, and the editors contribute their time and effort. The Voice is appreciative of the support, in readership and in contributed articles, it has received over the years from the university community across the System, and looks forward to continuing to publish opinion and creative efforts of our community.